One two three
Source: Futility Closet
Each point on a straight line is either red or blue. Show that it's always possible to find three points of the same color in which one is the midpoint of the other two.
A bowling alley has a mixture of red and blue pins. Ten of these pins are randomly chosen and arranged in a triangle.
Will there always be three pins of the same colour which lie on the vertices of an equilateral triangle?
Draw a regular polygon. Connect all its vertices to every other vertex. For example, if you picked a pentagon or a hexagon, the result would look as follows:
Colour the regions of your shape so that no two regions which share an edge are the same colour. (Regions which only meet at one point can be the same colour.)
What is the least number of colours which this can be done with?