#### Hide answer & extension

Let the first digit be \(a\) and the final digit be \(b\). The cost of the 72 turkeys (in pence) is \(10000a+6790+b\). This must be divisible by 72.

$$10000a+6790+b=(138\times 72+64)a+(94\times 72+22)+b$$
$$=(138a+94)\times 72+64a+22+b$$

\(10000a+6790+b\) is divisible by 72, so \(64a+22+b\) is divisible by 72. This means that \(b\) must be even (as 64,22,72 are all even). Let \(b=2c\).

Dividing by two, we find that \(32a+11+c\) is divisible by 36. \(c\) must be odd, so that \(32a+11+c\) is even. Let \(c=2d+1\) and so \(b=4d+2\).

Dividing by two again, we find that \(16a+6+d\) is divisible by 18. \(d\) must be even, so that \(16a+6+d\) is even. Let \(d=2e\) and so \(b=8e+2\). But \(b\) is a single digit number, so \(e=0\), \(b=2\) and \(16a+6\) is divisible by 18.

Dividing by two yet again, we find that \(8a+3\) is divisible by 9. \(a\) must be divisible by 3. Let \(a=3f\).

Dividing by three, we find that \(8f+1\) is divisible by 3. \(8f+1=6f+2f+1\) so \(2f+1\) is divisible by 3. This will be true when \(f=1,4,7,10,...\). \(a\) must be a single digit, so \(f=1\) and \(a=3\). And so the price of the 72 turkeys is £367.92, and one turkey will cost £5.11.

#### Extension

Which numbers could 72 be replaced with in the original problem so that the problem still has a unique solution?