For the second condition, the allowable region is shown below.
This region covers \(\tfrac18\) of the whole square. By switching \(x\) and \(y\) it can be seen that the first condition's region is the same size as the second's, plus they don't overlap. Therefore the probability of making a triangle is \(\tfrac18+\tfrac18=\tfrac14\).
One point along a drinking straw is picked, then a coin is flipped. If the coin shows heads, a second point above the first is chosen; If tails, a second point below the first is chosen. The straw is then bent at these points. What is the probability that the two ends meet up to make a triangle?