Source: Math Puzzle of the Week blog
Brendan and Adam are playing high stakes cribbage: whoever loses each game must double the other players money. For example, if Brendan has £3 and Adam has £4 then Brendan wins, they will have £6 and £1 respectively.
Adam wins the first game then loses the second game. They then notice that they each have £180. How much did each player start with?