# Puzzles

## Archive

Show me a random puzzle**Most recent collections**

#### Advent calendar 2018

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXVI

Cryptic crossnumber #2#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXV

Cryptic crossnumber #1Breaking Chocolate

Square and cube endings

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXIV

Equal lengthsDigitless factor

Backwards fours

List of all puzzles

## Tags

time geometry 2d shapes 3d shapes numbers spheres trigonometry complex numbers algebra lines graphs coordinates odd numbers fractions differentiation calculus folding tube maps ellipses triangle numbers money bases triangles squares area square numbers chess probability circles averages speed sport multiples dates factors parabolas functions logic cards games people maths shape prime numbers irreducible numbers probabilty angles proportion dice integration sum to infinity dodecagons hexagons multiplication factorials coins shapes regular shapes colouring grids floors integers rugby crosswords percentages digits sums christmas square roots surds doubling quadratics indices symmetry arrows addition cube numbers star numbers rectangles chocolate cryptic clues cryptic crossnumbers crossnumbers wordplay clocks menace routes taxicab geometry remainders chalkdust crossnumber palindromes sequences means unit fractions division planes volume number partitions ave pascal's triangle mean advent perfect numbers polygons books perimeter## 2 December

Today's number is the area of the largest dodecagon that it's possible to fit inside a circle with area \(\displaystyle\frac{172\pi}3\).

## Two semicircles

The diagram shows two semicircles.

\(CD\) is a chord of the larger circle and is parallel to \(AB\). The length of \(CD\) is 8m. What is the area of the shaded region (in terms of \(\pi\))?

## 1 December

What is area of the largest area rectangle which will fit in a circle of radius 10?

## Squared circle

Each side of a square has a circle drawn on it as diameter. The square is also inscribed in a fifth circle as shown.

Find the ratio of the total area of the shaded crescents to the area
of the square.

## Dartboard

Concentric circles with radii 1, \(\frac{1}{2}\), \(\frac{1}{3}\), \(\frac{1}{4}\), ... are drawn. Alternate donut-shaped regions are shaded.

What is the total shaded area?

## Circles

Which is largest, the red or the blue area?

#### Show answer & extension

Let \(4x\) be the side length of the square. This means that the radius of the red circle is \(2x\) and the radius of a blue circle is \(x\). Therefore the area of the red circle is \(4\pi x^2\).

The area of one of the blue squares is \(\pi x^2\) so the blue area is \(4\pi x^2\). Therefore

**the two areas are the same**.#### Extension

Is the red or blue area larger?

## Semi circle in a triangle

Source: UKMT Pink Kangaroo 2012

This right-angled triangle above has sides of lengths 12cm, 5cm and 13cm. The diameter of the semicircle lies on the 12cm side and the 13cm side is a tangent to the circle. What is the radius of the semi circle?